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Esophageal Diseases

The esophagus, popularly known as the esophagus, is a muscular tube that connects the oral cavity to the stomach. The inner surface of the esophagus in contact with food is covered with squamous epithelial cells; The uncontrolled proliferation of these cells by becoming cancerous is called squamous cell carcinoma (squamous cell cancer).

What are Esophageal Diseases?

What is Achalasia?

It is the difficulty in swallowing due to the inability of the wall muscles to relax enough in the area where the esophagus enters the stomach. Here, difficulty in swallowing is more evident, especially against watery foods. Patients state that solid foods pass more easily. This helps us in diagnosis. In other diseases of the esophagus, this situation is reversed. The treatment of achalasia is surgery.

What is a diverticulum?

It is the outward enlargement of the esophagus in the form of a pouch. The wall of this sac is either the mucous membrane in the esophagus, or the entire layer can form a sac. This disease, which can be seen frequently in the society, should be treated when it turns into a complaint. It can cause bad breath, It can cause bleeding, It can cause difficulty in swallowing. The treatment is surgical removal of the sac.

What is Esophagitis?

It is the irritation of the innermost mucosa of the esophagus by infection or chemicals. They cause severe chest pain and swallowing difficulties. Here, the cause is investigated and treated according to the cause. Treatment can be mostly with medical methods (medicine).

What is Esophageal Cancer?

Although it is less common among cancers, it can be seen more in some regions depending on the eating and drinking habits. In our country, it is frequently observed in the eastern and southeastern regions compared to other regions. It is a vicious and invasive type of cancer. When the patient complains, they are mostly detected as spread to many parts of the body.

The best treatment method is still surgical treatment. Chemotherapy and or radiotherapy are used as support.

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Esophageal Cancer Short Facts

Ankara Etlik City Hospital Chest, Cardiovascular Diseases Hospital

Varlık, Halil Sezai Erkut Cd. No:5, Yenimahalle/Ankara

Information and Appointment



  • Prof. Dr. Serdar Han
  • Prof. Dr. Serdar Han
  • Prof. Dr. Serdar Han
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